Unit 2 Constitution Unit 2 Vocab.

Term Definition
Enumerated Powers given to federal government only.
Concurrent Those powers shared by federal government and state government. (Both)
Executive Branch of government that enforces laws.
Preamble The introduction to the constitution that states the goals for the government.
Amendment Any change to the constitution.
Separation of powers The idea that the government should be divided up into 3 groups to avoid abuse of powers.
The Charters of the VA Company Established the rights of Englishmen would be guaranteed to colonists.
Elastic Clause Gives congress the power to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its duties.
Reserved Powers given to the state government only.
Virginia Declaration of rights Served as a model of the declaration of rights.
Legislative branch Part of government that makes the laws.
Ratification To approve. The Constitution was ratified in June 1788.
Declaration of Independence Established and listed the unalienable rights of all men, colonial grievances against the king, The idea of equality under the law, the colonies' independence from England.
Judicial Branch The branch that interprets the law.
Articles of confederation Established the first form of government for the independent states allowed the states to the keep major powers of government.
Articles The seven sections of the constitution following the preamble.
Constitution Establishes the structure of the present National government. Living document and supreme law of land.
Virginia Statute of Religious rights Established freedom of religious belief and opinions. Model for the first amendment of the constitution.
Checks and balances A system in which each branch of government is able to limit the power of the other 2 branches.
Shay's Rebellion One of the final events showing the weakness of the Articles of Confederation. Leading to the convention to revise the Articles.

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