Ms.studies ch 6-7 su

Question Answer
Ku klux klan a secret organization with special handshakes, passwords, and disguises that used violence and intimidation against freedmen after the civil war
forage to secure food by stripping the country side
Constitution of 1868 a constitution required by the reconstruction acts in order for mississippi to be readmitted to the union; it had to give blacks civil rights and equal protection under the law
Shoestring district the sixth congressional district, formed after the revolution of 1875 to minimize the impact of blacks in congressional elections
battery a set of big guns used for attack or deffense
redeemers democratic leaders who planned and directed the revolution of 1875
reconstruction the time of rebuilding the south and restoring southern states states to the union after the civil war
scalawag a white mississipian or other southerner who joined the republic joined republican party and supported the rights of citizenship for blacks during reconstruction
bivouac to camp with little shelter
impeachment a formal charge brought against an elected official
grierson's raid a union civil cavalry raid that colonel Benjamin Grierson conducted
freedmen the name given to former slaves
siege a tactic where armed forces try to capture a fort or fortified town by surrounding it a preventing supplies from reaching it
casualties persons killed wounded or missing in battle
amnesty pardon granted to a large group of individualities
blockade the use naval forces to isolate a seaport and prevent ships from entering or leaving
carpetbagger a northerner who remained in the south or moved to the south after the civil war
Mississippi plan a democratic party strategy to win victory in the Mississippi elections of 1875
emancipation proclamation President Abraham Lincolns january 1, 1863 proclamation that freed all slaves in those states in rebellion against the USA
disfranchise to take away the right to vote from a person or group
black codes a set of laws that governed and regulated the lives of freedmen in Mississippi after the civil war
monopoly the exclusive ownership or control of a product or industry by one company or group
literacy test determined whether a person could read or write before being allowed to vote
morrill land grant act an act passed in 1862 by the U.S congress that granted each state a large area of federal land to support an agricultural and mechanical college
brown v. board of education of Topeka, Kansas decision a 1954 U.S supreme court decision that overturned the Plessy v. ferguson decision of 1896
new departure democrats bourbon politician who favored a new south based on economic diversification
plessy v. ferguson decision in 1896 us supreme court decision that ruled that racial segregation of public facilities did not violate the us
crop lien law required sharecroppers to remain on the land until all of their debts were paid in full
poll tax a tax that had to be paid before a person could vote
normal school a teacher training school
color-line politics the exclusion of blacks from political affairs solely on the basis of their color
farmers alliance a fraternal organizations of white farmers that began in texas in the mid 1870's and swept across the south in the late 1880's; it encouraged cooperative buying and selling and encourage farmers to register to vote and participate in political campaigns
bourbons ms politicians who did not except changes brought about by the civil war and reconstruction
black exodus the migration of blacks mostly farm workers from ms to kansas and other midwestern states after reconstruction
constitution of 1890 a state constitution drafted by the bourbons to help them control the state legislature and disfranchise blacks and poor whites ; with many amendments it is still in effect
jim crow laws legislation passed in the late 1800's that segregated public schools and other public facilities
convict lease system an arrangement which prisoners were leased as labors to private entities which were responsible for their up keep
Richard Taylor this conferdate general surrendered the conferdate armies in ms and la to general edward r.s. canby on may 4th 1865 almost a month after general lee's surrender to general grant at appomattox courthouse va
William T. Sherman after the fall of vicksburg and a march to chattanooga tn this union general was ordered back to ms and instructed to destroy the railroad from vicksburg to meridian and to disrupt other conferdate supply lines
U.S Grant this union general defeated th confederate troops in the battle of shiloh, then occupied oxford before moving toward vicksburg. after breaking the levee at yazoo pass but then failing to advance toward vicksburg from the northeast, he marched his men down
John C. Pemberton he was the commander of the conederate forces in mississippi and la. he clashed with grants army at the battle of champion hill, but was forced to retreat to vicksburg. there the union lay siege to the city and soon the confederates were forced to surrren
What was the battle that brought grant into Mississippi? Battle of shiloh
What was Lincolns plan to involve confederate states in national politics? The plan was if 10% of the voters took the oath and created a state government, the state would be able to vote again
Why was President Johnson impeached? President Johnson was impeached but not removed from office because he tried to block the reconstruction acts
What are 5 states that were confederate? Mississippi, Louisiana, Tennessee, Alabama,Florida
Discuss the role of Vicksburg, why was Vicksburg important? Vicksburg was important because its location on a high bluff allowed complete control over who was able to travel the river, and it is where Grant marched to reopen trade along the Mississippi river.
What are 3 of the 5 parts of the black codes? 1. Freedmen were not allowed to vote or hold public office2. Freedmen could own property only within towns and cities and could carry firearms only with special permission of local authorities.3. Freedmen who were under eighteen and not living with th
Who were bourbons and what was their purpose? They were Mississippi politicians who did not accept the changes brought about by the civil war and reconstruction. Bourbon democrats worked to overcome political and racial conflicts.
What natural resource in ms. helped upstart the economy after the civil war? cotton
What is the Morrill Grant act? The Morrill Grant Act granted every state a large area of land to be used as support . of an agricultural and mechanical college.
What is the convict lease system and how does it work? Bourbons set up a contraversal cost cutting scheme that was called the convict lease system. It was arranged for prisoners to be leased as laborers to private business who were for their up keep it was outlawed in 1903
List 4 colleges that were established in this time period? alcorin university, mississippi agricultural and mechanical college, state normal school at holly springs, mississippi university for women, jackson state university
Court case of plessy v. ferguson U.S Supreme court ruled that racial segregation of public facilities did not violate the US constitution if the separate facilities were equal. Jim crow laws were passed . Brown v. the board of education decision Topeka, kansas overturned plessy v. fergu

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